It never ceases to amaze me that evolutionary scientists are forever looking for life in all the wrong places. The information outlets jumped on the news that yet another planet similar Earth had been discovered by NASA’s Kepler spacecraft. The newest discovery of this planet seeking space probe was dubbed Kepler 78b (Chang, 2013). The reason for all the excitement is due to the fact that this newly discovered planet is similar in its composition and size to Earth. This was initially reported three months ago in the August 2013 article in the Astrophysical Journal (Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda et al., 2013). It has only been recently publicized to the general public.
Another reason that this announcement might seem like a déjà vu experience is its similarity to the discovery of GJ1214b a. k. a Waterworld in 2012 (CBS News online, 2012). This planet is located 40 light years from Earth in the constellation Ophiuchus. It has a star-hugging orbit leaving it with a surface temperature of 230° C or 446° F. Now that is pretty hot, because on Earth, water boils at 100° C. The evolutionary pundits were quick to point out that these temperatures would turn the existing water on GJ1214b into states that do not exist today on Earth, thereby eliminating Waterworld as a possible home for E.T.
The team that oversaw the Kepler spacecraft knew that their instruments were limited to ascertaining an exoplanets’ size and orbit, so they worked together with researchers using the Keck 1 telescope in Hawaii and another telescope in the Canary Islands. The collaboration paid off as both teams independently measured the density of Kepler 78b as 0.2 pounds per cubic inch almost identical to the density of our own planet (Chang, 2013).
As is true with most evolutionary interpretations, the devil is always in the details. One factor that clearly eliminates this new discovery from the pool of possible homes for extraterrestrial life is its incredibly hot surface temperatures. Kepler 78b is so hot that the New York Times article described it as “hell on earth,” (Chang, 2013). Just how hot is Kepler 78b? This, not such a good candidate for a Goldilocks Planet (planets similar to earth that might be able to support life), has surface temperatures ranging from 3,500 to 5,000° F. Waterworld was only twice the temperature at which water boils, but surface temperature on Kepler 78b are hot enough to melt rock.
Every evolutionary scientist that has written about Kepler 78b readily admits that it is a virtual inferno wherein life as we know it could never ever exist. Still, hope springs eternal in the hearts and minds of the devotees of Darwin. They insist that other Kepler spacecraft discoveries, 62f, 62e, and 69c, are better candidates to support life, mostly due to the fact that they have an abundance of surface water. So much water that Lisa Kaltenegger, of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, at the NASA press conference, noted, “These planets are unlike anything in our solar system. They have endless oceans,” (Sutherland, 2013).
We have noted over the years that NASA scientists as well as evolutionary astrobiologists believe that the presence of H2O on any of these Goldilocks planets make them good candidates for extraterrestrial life. The concept that life can spontaneously arise via exclusively naturalistic means has been a longstanding tenet of modern evolutionary mythology. They know that spontaneous generation was successfully debunked by Louis Pasteur in 1859, nevertheless they promote the concept that inorganic chemicals can somehow spring to life. They dubbed this miracle of evolution, abiogenesis or biopoiesis (Wikepedia, 2013).
Aside from the statistical impossibility of abiogenesis, there is another big problem for these evolutionary scientists. The evolutionary “just so” explanation for the creation of our solar system goes like this:
Scientists aren't completely sure how the solar system formed, but most agree the best explanation is that a cloud of molecules collapsed inward on itself, forming our solar system about 4.6 billion years ago.
In this description, called the nebular model, our sun coalesced first, surrounded by a spinning disk of gas and dust (Ashford, 2010).
When we examine our planetary neighbors, there are several facts concerning them that make this particular hypothesis very difficult to believe. If our solar system did indeed coalesce from space gas and dust, why are two of our solar system’s planets, Uranus and Venus, exhibiting retrograde orbits? The evolutionary explanation for smaller objects like satellites such as Neptune’s satellite, Triton, proposes that it was created elsewhere and then captured into a retrograde orbit around Neptune. While it may be possible for smaller objects to be pulled into and captured by a planet’s gravitational pull, this explanation strains credulity when applied to larger objects such as the planets Uranus and Venus.
When compared with our own solar system, the three planets that orbit within the habitable zone around our sun are in many ways wildly dissimilar. Our neighbor closer to the Sun is the chemically toxic Venus with its clouds filled with droplets of sulfuric acid and an atmosphere that is 96% carbon dioxide. This is a planet where oxygen cannot be detected even as a trace element and it has an atmospheric pressure that is 92 times that of Earth. Add to this the fact that the surface temperatures on Venus would melt lead, and you cannot imagine a planet that is more different from our own planet Earth.
Our other neighbor is Mars. The red planet has been a longstanding favorite candidate for life among the science fiction writers of the 20th century. Due to the fact that Mars has no substantial atmosphere, lethal ultra violet rays from the sun constantly bombard the Martian surface. Some astrobiologists still held out hope that life might be thriving under the topsoil where microorganisms might be protected from the sun’s adverse effects. Water, albeit frozen at the poles, also exists on Mars. Recently, the Mars rover, Curiosity, found dirt samples revealing two pints of liquid water per cubic feet, not freely accessible but bound to other minerals in the soil (Wall, 2013). It is well established that, according to evolutionary scientists, water is a necessary ingredient for life. While Mars is a far less hostile environment than Venus is, both of our neighbors have disappointed those in search of extraterrestrial life.
There is a more serious problem with regard to the position of Kepler 78b. You see, Kepler 78b has an identical problem as our own planet has with regard to their proximity to the stars they orbit. The problem has to do with the evolutionary timeframe of billions of years. If our Sun is as old as evolutionary scientists are saying that it is, approximately 5 billion years old, Earth should no longer exist. Our Sun should have long since expanded well beyond the orbit of Earth. The same is true for Kepler 78b. Rather than admit that perhaps their timeline is suspect, something that evolutionists will never do, they create alternative explanations in attempts to explain why the evidence does not support their evolutionary musings.
When evolutionists look for like in the wrong places, they are ignoring the place where God has chosen to take up residence. Prior to the creation of the universe, God created a dwelling place for Himself and the angelic hosts. The prophets of old sometimes saw Him in visions seated on a glorious throne that consisted of four special angels called Seraphs (or Seraphim that is plural in the Hebrew). This is the heavenly tabernacle described by the writer of the New Testament letter to the Hebrew Christians of the first century AD.
For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood of another— He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment, so Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many. To those who eagerly wait for Him He will appear a second time, apart from sin, for salvation, Heb. 9:24-28.
For those who have placed their faith in the risen Savior, Jesus of Nazareth, we have become part of another building, God’s habitation through His Holy Spirit that indwells all who have entered into the New Covenant. Paul wrote to the Gentile believers in Ephesus explaining to them how they had become God’s holy temple:
Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and aliens, but fellow citizens with God's people and members of God's household, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone. In him, the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple in the Lord. And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit, Eph. 2:19-22.
If those who study God’s universe would seek Him first, and His righteousness, the righteousness that comes to those who believe as a gift of God’s grace, their spiritually blind eyes and deaf ears would be opened, Matt. 6:33. Then they would truly be able to understand the glory of God as seen in His creation. Not the billions of years of death, destruction and extinction hypothesized by the proponents of evolution, but the glorious creative power of the King of Kings and Lord of Lords. Only God can create something out of nothing. This same Creator is ready, willing and able to transform sinners into saints.
As you contemplate the possibilities of life elsewhere in the universe, take the time to consider the One who said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No man comes to the Father except through Me, John 14:6.
Ashford, Molika (2010). How Was the Solar System Formed? Live Science.com. August 19, 2010. Accessed 11.4.13.
Chang, Kenneth (2013). Astronomers Find Earthlike Planet, but It’s Infernally Hot. New York Times online Oct. 30, 2013. Accessed 10.31.13.
Chang, Kenneth (2013). Ibid.
Sanchis-Ojeda1, R., Rappaport, S., Winn, J. N., Levine, A., Kotson, M. C., Latham, D. W., & Buchhave, L.A. (2013). Transits and Occultations of an Earth-sized Planet in an 8.5 hr Orbit. The Astrophysical Journal Volume 774 Number 1. Accessed 10.31.13.
Sutherland, Scott (2013). Kepler water worlds ‘unlike anything in our solar system.’ Geekquinox Science & Weather. Accessed 10.31.13.
Wall, Mike (2013). Curiosity Rover Makes Big Water Discovery in Mars Dirt, a ‘Wow Moment.’ Space.com. Accessed 10.31.13.
Wikipedia (2013). Abiogenesis. Abiogenesis or biopoiesis is defined as a natural process by which life arises from simple organic compounds. Accessed 10.31.13.
Wikipedia (2013). Retrograde and Prograde Motion. Accessed 11.4.13.