One of the greatest hindrances to the attainment of peace in the world is the existence of so many different nations in the world, each with its own particular national characteristics and selfish interests. Attempts to weld all the nations into a one-world community have been made many times in man’s history, but all have soon disintegrated. Various great nations have attempted unsuccessfully to impose a unification of their own on all of mankind. World leaders have tried a League of Nations, and, currently, a United Nations Organization, among others, but such schemes inevitably collapse. The International Communist cancer will also certainly destroy itself before it has attained the universal rule toward which it continually maneuvers.
The origin of so many different and competing national interests and characteristics, perpetually thwarting every attempt to impose a world brotherhood on mankind, is indeed one of the great problems of history. Evolutionists face a quandary here, as they are confronted with only two possible evolutionary explanations, neither of which is comfortable to them.
If evolution is true, then the present races and nations must have come either from a single common ancestral pre-human population, diverging into the separate tribes and nations after the completion of the basic evolutionary process leading to man (the mono-phyletic theory), or they must all have arisen by parallel evolution from a number of different groups of pre-human primates (the poly-phyletic theory).
The actual historical evidence, seen in evolutionary perspective, seems to favor the poly-phyletic theory, and many evolutionists have advocated it. As far back as written historical records go, there have been highly civilized nations in various places.
Whether in Babylonia, China, India, Egypt, Yucatan, England, Peru, Persia, or whatever, the earliest records indicate a complex civilization, with highly individualistic and competing nations.
By the poly-phyletic theory, these national and racial distinctive are very ancient, reflecting parallel evolution from different origins. Inevitably this leads to racism and the conviction that one race or nation is better than another because of a longer or more efficient evolutionary sequence in the one case than in the other.
Of course, racism is not much in vogue today among Western “liberals.” In the recent past, however, it has been an integral part of the speculations of such eminent evolutionists as Darwin, Marx, Nietzsche, Arthur Keith, Adolph Hitler, Cecil Rhodes, and many others. In any case, it is important to remember that true racism has its roots in the theory of evolution. The Bible does not once recognize the existence of different races or even the very concept of “rac the theory of evolution. The Bible does not once recognize the existence of different races or even the very concept of “race”—the latter is strictly a category of modern evolutionary biology!
Most evolutionary anthropologists today, because of sociological considerations, tend to support the mono-phyletic theory, believing that all present races have diverged from a common ancestor in recent geologic time. Beyond this agreement, however, there is then a great divergence of opinion among them as to which line led up to this first man and as to the mechanisms and directions of the supposed subsequent diversification into the different “races.”
How, for example, assuming a common inter-breeding ancestral population, could such a wide variety of characteristics—skin color, stature, physiognomy, posture, etc.—have developed in the different groups, so much so that each nation and tribe is distinct and highly specialized in its own culture right at the beginning of its known history? Genetic theory does not yet have an answer to this question.
And, of course, the main distinctive of the different national and tribal groups is that of language! There are almost 5,000 distinct human languages extant in the world, in addition to a considerable number of dead languages. All of these are very complex systems, as far removed genetically from the chattering of a chimpanzee as a Shakespearean play is from the paper on which it was written. The evolutionist has no explanation whatever for the origin of human languages.
One turns with relief to the simple and powerful history of the nations as recorded in the Bible. “God hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation; That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after Him, and find Him, though He be not far from every one of us” (Acts 17:26, 27). “When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when He separated the sons of Adam, He set the bounds of the people” (Deuteronomy 32:8).
The division and separation of the nations took place at Babel, when “the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth” (Genesis 11:9). This judgment followed man’s first attempt after the great Flood to build a “United Nations,” established for the purpose of exalting man’s will against that of God.
The amazingly accurate tenth chapter of Genesis names the earth’s seventy original national units, resulting from this dispersion8-5. Archaeology and ethnology have confirmed the existence and migrations of most of these primeval nations in a remarkable way, and the chapter deserves much more study and application than it has yet received. It concludes with the statement: “These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood” (Genesis 10:32).
This is the true beginning of the original nations. As they were separated and forced to survive by inbreeding for a time, the distinctive national traits quickly surfaced through genetic variation, mutation, selection, and segregation processes, in addition to the supernatural physiologic changes established by God when He changed their languages. Other nations have emerged later through recombination, migration, inter-marriage, and other processes.
There are no known facts of human history which contradict this Biblical outline, and many which confirm it. Finally, although there is no possibility of establishing a truly united world before Christ returns, it is true today that eternal salvation, through faith in Jesus Christ, is freely available, and men “of all nations and kindred's, and peoples, and tongues” (Revelation 7:9) are responding to the gospel message.
The Bible Has the Answers
By Henry Moris