God's Amazing Creatures
1. Birds are Born to Fly: “Isaac Newton is the scientist who first realized that gravity is a force between two objects that draws them toward each other. The more mass an object has, the more it pulls other things toward it. The largest object anywhere on earth is the planet itself, so gravity pulls everything down toward the center of the earth. So the question is, how do birds fly?”
Babies don't grow and develop inside the mothers' bodies. They develop in eggs outside their mothers' bodies.
Birds eat foods that are very high in usable calories so they get as many calories as possible from a small amount of food. Seeds, fruits, and meat (from prey) are the main food items for birds. Virtually no birds (except the Hoatzin, which lives in South America) eat leaves, which take a long time to digest. Their efficient digestion allows birds to get rid of useless weight very quickly.
Birds don't have bladders. A bird urinates as soon as it has to, getting rid of the useless weight. (That's why you can't housebreak even the smartest pet bird.) Bird’s have hollow bones. They are incredibly designed to be extremely light weight. A bird’s heart is specifically designed for the rigors of flight. According to bird expert John Morton of Wildbirds Unlimited in Vancouver, if humans operated at the same level as hummingbirds, our hearts would beat 1,260 times a minute and our body temperature would rise to 385 C causing us to burst into flames! In addition to that, if we didn’t spontaneously incinerate ourselves, we would need to eat the equivalent of 1,300 hamburgers a day and wash it down with 60 liters of water (mostly for cooling purposes) in order to sustain a lifestyle that included flight.
Bird digestion and urinary tract are also designed to support flight. Compared to all other animals, the birds have an extremely short intestinal tract. They also have extremely powerful digestive juices so they are not weighed down with the useless by-products of digestion. Their urinary system has no bladder at all! That helps the bird stay streamlined and keeps their weight down. 80% of their urine is excreted in the form of uric acid which crystallizes into a white paste at the end of their intestine. Almost all the water necessary for survival is recovered into the bird so they required very little additional water and hence almost no excess water weight.
The legs of the field sparrow are specifically designed to act as a catapult, enabling it to launch itself into the air at a moments notice. They seamlessly contract up into the sparrow’s midsection during flight like a jackknife and then extend like landing gear when it is time to land.
2. Whales, God’s Amazing Marine Mammals: “Did you know that the largest animal that ever lived is the Blue Whale and the body weight of that amazing mammal is many times heavier than the largest dinosaur ever discovered?”
Originally, Charles Darwin believed that whales might have evolved from bears. In North America the black bear was seen by Hearne (observers) swimming for hours with widely open mouth, thus catching, like a whale, insects in the water. Even in so extreme a case as this, if the supply of insects were constant, and if better adapted competitors did not already exist in the country, I can see no difficulty in a race of bears being rendered, by natural selection, more and more aquatic in their structure and habits, with larger and larger mouths, till a creature was produced as monstrous as a whale."—*Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species (1859 and 1984 editions), p. 184.
There are hundreds of ‘just so’ stories that pass for evidence of evolutionary theory. In fact, today evolutionary scientists think that whales are related to cows. The renowned educator David Berlinski who received his Ph.D. in philosophy from Princeton University and later became a Fellow of the Faculty in Mathematics and a Post Doctoral Fellow in molecular biology at Columbia University said this with regard to the ‘just so’ story of whale evolution,
“The stories quickly change from plausible to ridiculous. I liken the cow to whale evolution to the engineering task of converting a car to a submarine. Why are the 50,000+ required morphological changes not found in the fossil record?”
While the cow to whale evolutionary scenario is clearly fantasy, whales are truly amazing creatures. God created them and designed them with some very special characteristics. Here is a short list of those astounding characteristics.
* Whales can eat while moving at 16 mph, travel long distances at a top speed of 30mph.
* Some whales carry out annual migrations of 16,000 miles.
* Whales can compose complicated musical pieces that serve as a form of underwater language.
* There are whales that can blow a spout of water 50 feet into the air with just one exhale.
* Sperm whales hold the deep sea diving world record at approximately 10,000 feet below the surface.
* Some whales have a lung volume of 793 gallons (3,000 liters). Humans have a lung capacity of just over one gallon (4 liters), or at most, 1.8 gallons or 7 liters.
* Whales produce the world’s richest milk with a world record butter-fat content of 42%. Human milk by comparison has a butter-fat content of 4.4%.
* Some whales have tongues so heavy that they weigh as much as two fully grown horses.
* There are whales with aortas of 20 inches in diameter. That is the size of an average water main.
The Blue Whale is the largest creature that has ever been found. The body weight of that amazing mammal is many times heavier than the largest dinosaur ever discovered.
In general, the sizes of whale calves are enormous at birth. The largest land mammal, the African elephant male is only 4,400 pounds fully grown.
Greenland whales Calf = 20 feet and 6 tons at birth
Northern Right whale = 16.4 feet and 56 tons at birth
Humpback whale = 15 feet and 2.5 tons at birth
Grey whale = 15 feet and 1.5 tons at birth
The Blue whale generates 1,175 horsepower which requires 20,000 liter of oxygen to cruise at 17.3 mph. The whale fluke or tail is designed horizontally because in terms of fluid dynamics it is much more practical for constant diving and surfacing than a vertical fluke would be.
Whales are intentionally created to be streamlined and even their skin is designed to reduce water turbulence streaming over our bodies, and transform it into laminar flow with reduced resistance. This captures a portion of the turbulent energy of the water, and achieves a damping effect of the vortices near the surface of our skin over their entire body. The bodies of whales are designed to endure the enormous pressures o deep sea diving. At 3,280 feet below sea level, it would be the same as having the boxing heavyweight champion of the world standing on your fingernail. That would mean the volume of eleven football field lengths of water would be above us. The pressure is 1421 pounds per square inch (almost 100 atmospheres). 200,000 pounds (100 tons) of water press on every square foot of the whale.
The Creator has equipped these deep sea diving mammals with a special conservation system. During a dive their heart rate is cut in half. The non-essential regions of their body are shut off from the circulatory system. The blood supply is re-directed to their most important organs, the heart, the brain and their tale structures.
Deep sea diving mammals like dolphins and whales can hold their breath for up to 1 ½ hours. This prevents them from getting the bends when they come back up to the surface to breath. The bends is just like opening a champagne bottle without letting the pressure equalize. The champagne seems to explode out the top of the bottle. If this happens inside a person, or any deep sea diving mammal, it can cause deadly blockages, embolisms and clots. To inhibit this from happening, a diver must surface gradually or be placed in special decompression chamber.
The lungs of mammals are incredibly delicate organs, however, the internal organs of whales are designed to survive the immense pressures that deep sea diving brings to bear. Without special design features whale lungs should just fall in on themselves like a wet sack and collapse. Land mammals have a windpipe and large bronchial tubes that are equipped with supporting rings, so they are able to remain open while inhaling. Just like the rings on a vacuum cleaner hose, a whale’s bronchial tube is re-enforced to withstand enormous pressures.
A whaler once documented 28,000 small squid in the belly of a Sperm whale, but the all time favorite food of this species is the giant squid. Whales are designed to find their food in the lower regions of the ocean where there is little or no light at all. They use a sophisticated type of sonar called echolocation.
The whale’s nose is placed on the top of their heads to enable them to breath easily while swimming. Marine mammals have been given a highly sophisticated stereo seismographic hearing apparatus. For decades evolutionary scientists thought that whales were deaf. Even after hints of a complicated inner ear and highly specialized auditory nerves were discovered, they were chalked up to being the evolutionary remnants from some hypothetical ancestor.
Whales are grouped into two different types. The toothed whales and baleen whales. Baleen whales (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mysticeti) do not have teeth. They have baleen in their upper jaw that acts like a filter mesh or comb. They squeeze mouthfuls of sea water out and the small sea creatures, especially krill and plankton, remain and are swallowed. The toothed whales (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systematic_name) are active hunters, feeding on fish, squid, and in some cases marine mammals. Sperm whales, pilot whales and Orcas (killer whales) are examples of this species.
Humpback whales are famous for their exceptional hunting methods. They swim in rising spirals around a swarm of krill, and expel a precisely measured stream of air through their nose. This forms a curtain of tiny air bubbles which acts like a net. The tiny micro-organisms flee from the air screen and gather in the center of the cylinder. The circle of air bubbles scarcely reaches the surface of the water before these whales swoop up through the center of it with open jaws. Before they swallow, excess water pours out of the sides of its mouth through the baleen. The prey remains stuck in the mesh of this great filtering apparatus. Using this method, the Humpback can filter its nourishment from the sea in 100 pound batches.
3. The Fabulous Duckbilled Platypus: “Remember the old saying, If it walks like a duck and acts like a duck…Well try that with a creature that looks like a cross between a duck and a beaver, lives like a reclusive hermit, swims like a fish, lays eggs like a lizard and carries it’s young like a kangaroo!”
The platypus with its duck bill and webbed feet is a unique Australian animal. The bizarre appearance of this egg-laying, duck-billed mammal baffled European naturalists when they first encountered it, with some considering it an elaborate fraud. The platypus males have poisonous fangs on their hind paws. Their front paws look more like the webbed feet of ducks, hence the name ‘platy’ which means flat and ‘pus’ which means foot. Their hind paws, although webbed, are more consistent with the paws of beavers. These two differing foot designs make the platypus at home on land as well as in the water.
Looking at a platypus, one might think that its bill is hard and sharp edged like a duck, but they would be wrong. In recent years researchers have taken a closer look at the platypus and discovered many specially designed features. For instance, the platypus's sensitive, pliable bill is a blue-gray, blackish color with the two nostril holes near the tip. The location of the nostrils allows the platypus to breath while the rest of the body remains under the water surface. The lower bill is smaller than the upper bill. The lower bill is held in place by two elongated dentary bones which is found in all mammals.
These creatures have a bill that contains an electro-receptor system which has approximately 850,000 electrical and tactile receptors. When the platypus goes underwater or dives for food, it closes its ears, eyes, and nostrils. Its electro-receptor system detects the electric currents created by the muscle activity of small prey and may even help the platypus detect the electric field created when water flows over prey hidden under rocks, mud, and small debris.
As the platypus gathers food in its mouth, it moves the food to its cheek pouches. When it returns to the surface, it pushes the food from its cheek pouches up to its mouth. It then grinds it with its grinding pads. So the platypus actually senses better with this electro-location system than it could with its eyes and ears.
The platypus does not have external ears. That would be far less aerodynamic for swimming. They have ear openings or grooves are on either side of the platypus's head. These openings are closed when diving or swimming under water. Out of the water these ear openings are very sensitive to sounds. They are uniquely equipped to succeed in both land and water environments.
The platypus has small, beady eyes that are very sensitive to movement. Cone cells have been found in the retina. This indicates the possibility of color vision for the platypus. Its eyes are well placed for scanning river banks, the common environment for these creatures.
The Platypus not only can compete for the title ‘the warmest fur-bearing creature’ with polar bears and penguins, it is the all time winner of that title! The platypus has been given a unique ability to regulate its body temperature. No other creature in God’s creation can withstand the icy winter water temperatures as well as the platypus. They have to hunt for hours every day in the water no matter how cold the winter temperatures might get. The fur of the platypus is actually better designed to retain heat than the fur of the polar bear.
The body temperature of most mammals is 37 to 38 degrees Celsius or 98.6 degrees F. The body temperature of a platypus is about 32 degrees Celsius or 89.9 degrees F. This reduces the rate at which the platypus loses body heat in the water. This coupled with their world record heat retaining fur coats keeps these creatures from suffering hypothermia and certain death during their prolonged swims in winter waters.
The platypus's red blood cells carry larger amounts of hemoglobin than any other mammal. This allows the platypus to go without air for longer periods. The heart rate of a platypus can drop from 140 - 230 beats a minute, to almost 0 beats per minute for short periods of time. This enables the platypus to slow their metabolism without suffering a corresponding loss of tissue oxygenation.
Just as the Creator designed the humps of camels for the storage of fat, the tail of the platypus functions as both an excellent rudder and propulsion system, but also as a fat storage system for the animal. In fact, the main function of the tail is to store up to 50% of the animal's body fat, providing an energy reserve if food is scarce.
God designed these creatures with the ability to fold their webbing away inside their bodies so that their feet can be easily used for running, climbing, and digging. The platypus is clumsier on land than in the water, so generally, these creatures try to build dens with the entrance in the bank of streams. The den entrance is small enough that when entering the den, the small opening strains the excess water from their fur.
All four feet have five claws apiece and are webbed, but the webbing of the front feet extends in a flat flange beyond the toes when the platypus swims. Back on land or in its burrow, the animal folds the extra webbing under its forefeet and walks on its knuckles. The platypus uses the forelimbs and forefeet for swimming and digging, while using the hind feet and claws as combs to keep the fur clean and waterproof. These creatures will mate when the male takes the female’s tail in his bill and they swim like this in tandem for several days. It is the platypus’s version of ‘holding hands’ when you don’t have any hands to hold. After they mate and the female’s eggs are fertilized, they migrate to the uterus and are coated with a second special shell that contains all the nutrients they need to develop. The female platypus does not have an umbilical cord. After these eggs are excreted, they have a sticky coating so they stick to the female’s belly. The female can then use her tail to cover the eggs and help to protect and incubate them at the same time until they are ready to hatch. Related Article
4. God’s Amazing Insect, the Dragonfly: The dragonfly is what evolutionary scientists call a ‘living fossil’ because they found it preserved in amber that they said was 300 million years old and it was exactly the same as what we see today!” They call this anti-evolutionary principle ‘stasis.’ Most species exhibit no directional change during their tenure on earth. They appear in the fossil record looking much the same as when they disappear; morphological change is usually limited and directionless. This means is that many living organisms, like the cockroach, starfish, the horseshoe crab, frogs, shrimp and a host of insects, like the dragonfly, have remained unchanged over the millions of years of alleged evolutionary time.”
A Niles Elridge, the Curator in the Department of Invertebrates at the Museum of Natural History in New York city and long time proponent of Darwinism said this:
“But stasis was conveniently dropped as a feature of life's history to be reckoned with in evolutionary biology. And stasis had continued to be ignored until Gould and I showed that such stability is a real aspect of life's history which must be confronted—and that, in fact, it posed no fundamental threat to the basic notion of evolution itself. For that was Darwin's problem: to establish the plausibility of the very idea of evolution, Darwin felt that he had to undermine the older ... doctrine of species fixity. Stasis, to Darwin, was an ugly inconvenience.”
By studying the Dragonfly, Russian born scientist, Igor Sikorsky, developed the concept of the helicopter. It was the wonderful design of the Creator, Jesus Christ that enables the dragonfly to hover, fly backwards and navigate the most difficult environments possible. The dragonfly’s eye has 30,000 lenses, takes 200 pictures per second and is more sophisticated than the most expensive HD camera ever invented. These incredible creatures need these super powerful eyes because they are visual hunters and have impressive vision being able to see in color as well as ultraviolet light and polarized light. This enables them to see reflections of light on water.
Their large compound eyes are made up of as many as 30,000 facets or lenses (ommatidia). Those in the upper part are looking forward and are usually larger and more numerous that those elsewhere. They provide the area of best visual acuity. This is why dragonflies usually approach prey from behind and below.
In contrast to human eyes, the image arising from the 30,000 individual lenses would be quite imperfect and unclear. While each of our human eyes contain 78 million vision cells, the dragonfly’s contain only 8. What this really means is that human images are scanned much more finely than a dragonfly’s eye. Nevertheless, dragonflies have a wonderful imaging system full of the Creator’s technical refinement that substantially increases the quantity of the given visual information. Rapid sequential bursts of light, up to 200 per second, are all actually registered as separate events. Since all of the dragonflies design is geared for flight, they see their environment from a state of constant motion.
Their vision is approximately the same as our modern TV camera. The light beam, with which the image is sampled, is comparable to the function of each of their 30,000 individual eyes. It is the combination of the information, coupled with the display of the variations in brightness that arise from the sequential sampling of all these facets or lenses that produce a detailed image. The TV camera and the compound eye of the dragonfly produce images in the same way. Both systems use a combination of highly developed fast processing power, together with low resolution optical imaging equipment to get a detailed view of their environment.